Semester 1 - Paris

Module 1.1. Overall methodological approaches:

 

History of technology, M. Martinais

This introductory course on the history of technology in modern and contemporary times is mainly focused on the European geographical area. It will successively address six major areas of reflection that cut across the discipline, namely the figure of the "technician", the relationship between technology and power and between technology and science, the location of technology, privileges and patents, and finally the circulation of know-how at different scales. Each of these themes is also approached from a historiographical point of view in order to highlight the evolution of the discipline: originally situated in the shadow of the history of science, it has gradually asserted itself as a field of research in its own right.This introductory course on the history of technology in modern and contemporary times is mainly focused on the European geographical area. It will successively address six major areas of reflection that cut across the discipline, namely the figure of the "technician", the relationship between technology and power and between technology and science, the location of technology, privileges and patents, and finally the circulation of know-how at different scales. Each of these themes is also approached from a historiographical point of view in order to highlight the evolution of the discipline: originally situated in the shadow of the history of science, it has gradually asserted itself as a field of research in its own right.

 

Module 1.2. Practical training module:

 

a / Workshops : Project Paris Patrimoine, J-L. Rigaud

World capital, the most visited city in the world, Paris offers an undeniable wealth of heritage. Its developments are controversial, especially since Paris, a museum city, is one of the densest in the world. The Paris Patrimoine project aims to question, from a specific geographical area, the different traces still visible of the history of Paris but also the development of the city. The project associates different research disciplines (history, geography, architecture, urban planning, sociology...) and combines theoretical study and practical fieldwork. To study, to question what makes the history and the identity of a city in order to better preserve, adapt, develop. Thus, the approach proposes to question differently the city, the choice of memories and the developments which project it towards tomorrow.World capital, the most visited city in the world, Paris offers an undeniable wealth of heritage. Its developments are controversial, especially since Paris, a museum city, is one of the densest in the world. The Paris Patrimoine project aims to question, from a specific geographical area, the different traces still visible of the history of Paris but also the development of the city. The project associates different research disciplines (history, geography, architecture, urban planning, sociology...) and combines theoretical study and practical fieldwork. To study, to question what makes the history and the identity of a city in order to better preserve, adapt, develop. Thus, the approach proposes to question differently the city, the choice of memories and the developments which project it towards tomorrow.

 

b / Tutored project

The students are divided into work groups by cross-referencing their initial skills (historians, archaeologists, architects, cultural professions, etc.). They are assisted by a tutor. Each work group is given a technical object to study. They then decide on the realization: a museum valorization of the site or collection, the cultural or cultural setting of the site or collection, the organization of an exhibition.

 

c / The computer project with historical-patrimonial content, B. Rivalland

Publishing content on the Internet has become very accessible to everyone today. But how do you select the tool that best suits your purpose? Is it enough to write content online? This course presents the different services that exist on the Internet to carry out a digital project and guides students in writing specifications for IT projects.

 

Module 2. Fundamentals:

 

a/ History of techniques (XVIIth-XIXth century), V. Nègrea/ History of techniques (XVIIth-XIXth century), V. Nègre
The seminar deals with themes that are the subject of recent reflections in the history of techniques. From 2022 onwards, it will focus on technical collections held in museums and associations throughout Europe. The history of institutions and associations will be examined, as well as the history of the collections and the conservation professions. We will also reflect on the process of patrimonialization of technical objects.The seminar deals with themes that are the subject of recent reflections in the history of techniques. From 2022 onwards, it will focus on technical collections held in museums and associations throughout Europe. The history of institutions and associations will be examined, as well as the history of the collections and the conservation professions. We will also reflect on the process of patrimonialization of technical objects.


b/ Global histories and technologies (19th-20th centuries), V. Guigueno
Like the entire discipline, the history of technology is now engaged in a writing "in equal parts" whose stake is, among other things, to deconstruct the Western mystique of progress (Adas 1989). How can this history be written? Starting from a now classical reading of techniques as "instruments of empires" (Headrick 1981), the seminar will explore the paths traced by David Arnold (2005) and David Edgerton (2013) in order to go beyond them. It will draw on a variety of works and fields, particularly the history of infrastructures and networks (transportation, energy, communication). Organized in collaboration with the research department of the musée du quai Branly, the course will be attentive to the intersection between history and anthropholgy, this discipline having strongly contributed to the foundation and renewal of questions on the relations between man and his technical environment (Latour and Lemonnier 1994). We will also be interested in the crossroads between "new technologies" and indigenous cultures (Stolow 2013). Finally, in connection with a visit to the collections, we will examine the place of so-called "technical" objects within the Musée du Quai Branly - Jacques Chirac. 
 
UE3. Scientific environment :  


a/ Webminar TPTI


 
b/ A complementary disciplinary seminar of your choice


 
Scientific, technical and industrial cultures
The seminar allows the acquisition of skills related to the conservation of local scientific and technical cultural heritage; the mastery of the popularization of the discourse on the place of science and technology in society. It is composed of four main modules: material heritage of science and technology in context (O. Lasserre); heritage and history of scientific and technical heritage and museums, and cultural policy in France (C. Cuenca); archive law (N. Thiebaut); history and law of cultural institutions (P. Barthélémy).
 
Historical technical environments and industrial heritage
The seminar provides scientific expertise on the study and analysis of the physical environments in which a technique was used and the skills to shed light on the cultural, economic and social practices of the techniques, in order to participate in the city's debates on its current and future challenges. It is composed of four main modules: archaeology of technical structures (I. Lafarge, E. Rieth, V. Serna, F. Tereygeol); cartography and GIS (A. Dallo); law of local authorities (J.C. Balois); political economy of the environment (R. Morera); legal protection of sites and landscapes (J. Gartner Negrin).

 

c / Languages

LV1: French or introduction to Italian or Portuguese for French speakers

LV2: English

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